Thursday, March 12, 2020
Copyright Law in Cyberspace In the age of computers, copyrighted material has been widely abused. Most of copyright law was formulated in terms of books, audiovisual works, and sound recordings. Changing technology has led to an expanding understanding of the word "writings". The Copyright Act now reaches architectural design, software, the graphic arts, motion pictures, and sound recordings. While the basic principles of copyright law are the same for all media, it is not yet clear how some of these principles apply to the Internet. The Internet has opened up a gate to virtually unlimited copyright piracy. Ã¢â¬Å"The origin of copyright law lies more in the experiences with information and with print that occurred in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries than in an agreed-upon set of ideas about copyingÃ¢â¬ (Katsh 225). The Constitution states: The Congress shall have power to promote the progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. The Constitution gives Congress the power to enact laws establishing a system of copyright in the United States (Article I, Section 8, and U.S. Constitution). The first area of copyright infringement to be discussed is book piracy. In an age when manuscripts circulate in digital form and scanners can swiftly convert hard copy into material that can be emailed, books then are clearly vulnerable to piracy. Ã¢â¬Å"Many of the pirates are college students and teenagers, who are part of a movement that believes that the Internet differs from the established commercial marketplace. In one respect they are right: the Internet is a unique marketplaceÃ¢â¬ (Paradise 231). As anyone who is connected to the Internet knows, the Internet suggests that a new, disquieting era for the publishing world may be in sight. This came about with the wide range of online learning courses being offered from many of... Free Essays on Copyright Law In Cyberspacce Free Essays on Copyright Law In Cyberspacce Copyright Law in Cyberspace In the age of computers, copyrighted material has been widely abused. Most of copyright law was formulated in terms of books, audiovisual works, and sound recordings. Changing technology has led to an expanding understanding of the word "writings". The Copyright Act now reaches architectural design, software, the graphic arts, motion pictures, and sound recordings. While the basic principles of copyright law are the same for all media, it is not yet clear how some of these principles apply to the Internet. The Internet has opened up a gate to virtually unlimited copyright piracy. Ã¢â¬Å"The origin of copyright law lies more in the experiences with information and with print that occurred in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries than in an agreed-upon set of ideas about copyingÃ¢â¬ (Katsh 225). The Constitution states: The Congress shall have power to promote the progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. The Constitution gives Congress the power to enact laws establishing a system of copyright in the United States (Article I, Section 8, and U.S. Constitution). The first area of copyright infringement to be discussed is book piracy. In an age when manuscripts circulate in digital form and scanners can swiftly convert hard copy into material that can be emailed, books then are clearly vulnerable to piracy. Ã¢â¬Å"Many of the pirates are college students and teenagers, who are part of a movement that believes that the Internet differs from the established commercial marketplace. In one respect they are right: the Internet is a unique marketplaceÃ¢â¬ (Paradise 231). As anyone who is connected to the Internet knows, the Internet suggests that a new, disquieting era for the publishing world may be in sight. This came about with the wide range of online learning courses being offered from many of...
Monday, February 24, 2020
The prevalence of substance use on children - Research Paper Example In a 2003 national survey, half of all seniorsÃ¢â¬â¢ in high school reported they had tried taking illicit drugs at least once. It was further revealed that 41% of students in 10th grade and 23% of those in 8th grade had tried drugs that were illegal (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007). Such findings are worrying because substance use is associated with several negative consequences, such as academic problems, physical aggression, developmental problems, delinquent and criminal behavior and health problems in the long term (Buu et. al, 2009). In addition to this, children who develop into chronic substance users are bound to experience social or psychological problems. The survey also showed that 41 to 65% of persons with constant lifetime substance abuse are prone to having at least one mental health disorder. Approximately 51% of those persons with one or more lifetime mental health disorders also had a constant lifetime history of substance use disorder (Doweiko, 2009). It was found that the 15 to 24 year old age bracket had the highest rates (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007). Substance use is categorized as being different from substance abuse. The American Psychiatric Association defines substance abuse as a pattern of substance use that man ifests itself through significant and recurrent adverse consequences that are related to repetitive substance use. There are various factors that increase the risk for substance use among the youth. Some of the causes of substance use include delinquency, perceived substance use by peers, low family pride and family substance use problems. A study done in 2009 found that substance use by parents, socioeconomic status of the family, family mobility, instability in neighborhood residence and frequent change in neighborhood placed children at the risk for developing substance use disorders. Youth with mental health disorder also
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Microeconomy - Assignment Example In any market, it is obvious that the price of a commodity influences the demand. In the coffee market, other factors other than price do play a significant role in making a shift in coffee demand. They include Prices of other goods- this is the price individuals are willing to pay for the substitutes. Of the coffee price is higher compared to other products then the consumers will opt to purchase the substitutes There are two basic reasons put forth to explain the behavior of supply chain curve. As the production of goods is expanded, the consumers first turn to the resources and people whose opportunities costs of producing the good are lowest and only then to those whose opportunity costs are high. When the commodity price is high, the more likely the resources are relatively less efficient at producing the commodity. Secondly, it has been observed that the cost of good production rises as more of the good is produced hence the supply curve moving upward (Evans and Honkapohja 421). Much like the demand of coffee, its supply can be influenced by several shift factors of supply, which are the forces other than price that affects the quantity of the product to be supplied. When the global demand for coffee is high, its supply is good. In any way, when its demand declines in the global market then there is an automatic shift of its supply overall. Other factors include changes in technology meaning more production of the product. Changes in the price of raw materials or input resources, taxes and subsidies that are levied on the production meaning that the company can produce more of the product at cheaper costs also leads to curve
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Clothes In Latin America Essay Clothes in Chile and general Latin America Clothing styles throughout Latin America vary from region to region and have been influenced through several different sources. Fashion in Latin America today and traditional fashions of Latin America differ dramatically. Climate, location, isolation, population, economy, history, colonial influences are many of the sources that have helped to contribute to these changes. Traditional Latin American fashion varied form region to region but maintained a distinctive appearance. Traditional and new aged Latino fashions are generally easy to decipher from each other. Modern fashion in Chile and most of Latin American have lost their traditional roots and are similar to North American. It has become the norm to see a citizen of Chile walking the street in Gap or American eagle. The amount of traditional roots left in clothes largely depends on the location. Rural Latin American and Chile clothes are much more traditional than in the cities. Rural Chileans and Latin Americans who live in tropical climates prefer lightweight cotton clothing in general. Men usually wear lightweight cotton clothing and loose fitting cotton shirts. The majority of the woman dress in long skirts and blouses. In contrast, people who live in mountains or places of high elevation need heavier clothing for protection against the cold. Both men and woman alike wear ponchos or will simply use blankets with a slit for the head. Woman also dress in full skirts, long sleeved blouses, and shawls. Different lifestyles require different sorts of fashion. Farmers wear straw or felt hats to protect themselves form the sun. In the highlands men often wear coarse hand woven shirts and baggy pants. Rural people generally go barefoot or in sandals, and some even make shoes out of automobile tires. Despite modernized fashion Chileans and other Latin Americans, will dress more traditionally for special events or occasions. Chilean cowboys (Hausas) wear big flat-topped hats, heavy ponchos, colorful sashes, fringed leather leggings, and boost with spurs. This is a traditional outfit for Hausas in Chile. The clothing of the Araucarias Indian women of south-central Chile includes brightly colored shawls and heavy silver jewelry. Many Indian groups wear brightly colored clothing with traditional patterns. In such groups, each area/village has its own special designs and colors. Colonials played a large and important role in the alteration and adaptation of Latin American fashion. The cultures different styles of clothing mixed together and became more European/American as time went on. Over the years factories have bee built throughout Latin America and Chile, many of which produced clothes, influencing fashion further. Media greatly promoted the Americanization of clothes in the Hispanic culture as well. Different regions have held on to their native clothes styles better than others. Traditional clothing, however, can still be found in certain areas of Latin America today. Areas that are more isolated than others have a better chance of holding on to their traditional way of dress. Because these regions are isolated they have not been as colonized as other areas and are visited by outside locations less often. Even if a location isn t necessarily isolated the physical characteristics and weather can cause traditional dress to continue. Extreme heat of cold, high winds, and a rocky area of land are examples of factors that cause modernization to decrease. Clothes worn in Latin American countries today differ greatly from region to region. In Ecuador the Otovindions are well known for their distinctive weave pattern, bright colors, and sharp depiction of figures in their clothing. Clothes in Ecuador and many other Latin American countries are hand made to a larger extent than in America. Bolivia is very much in touch with their traditional roots in clothing today. Many men and boys wear brightly colored knitted caps with earflaps, which help to keep them warm in the highlands. Due to warm weather in certain areas of Bolivia many Bolivians wear lightweight fabric, especially lightweight cotton. Despite the changes in civilization the many native Bolivian Indians are able to maintain their traditional style of clothing and customs. The woman wear their hair in long pigtails with a soft derby hat on their heads. Bolivian women will wear an apron over a bright skirt with many underskirts, which are cool.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The structure and function of different types of sexual relationships were an important part of Athenian culture, and many rules and traditions formed around these relationships based on the mores of society. The male citizens were considered the most important segment of the population, and many Greek writers address the cultural conventions, ideals, and beliefs that formed around these relationships. The three main types of sexual relationships that involved a male citizen are marriage, the relationship between a young man and an older mentor, and sexual encounters with prostitutes. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Symposium, a dialog on the nature of love and desire, describes many of the beliefs that Athenians held, especially about the relationship between a man and a youth. The main focus of this paper is the ideal function and place of desire in these male with male relationships, and the benefits this particular bond held for society. The socially accepted structure of these relationships between an Athenian man and youth was characterized by pursuit and courtship on the part of the man. He was to go after an attractive youth, hoping to make him his beloved [eromenos]. The older man was expected to be the aggressive partner, pursuing the youth out of his erotic desire. In turn, the beloved was expected to be the passive partner, rejecting the manÃ¢â¬â¢s advances for a respectable amount of time, and then to enter the relationship to gain the older man as a mentor, not as a sexual partner. This aggressive man and passive youth structure continued into sexual acts, with the older male acting as the dominant, penetrating partner, while the younger man was the passive receptive partner. According to cultural rules, however, it was considered emascul... ...in parentage of any children the wife might give birth to after this time. In the realm of politics, a failure to serve or to fulfill ones duties was also a stain on the honor of the household and family- it is portrayed as much more public than the ideal private bond between lover and beloved. This manifestation of Celestial love benefited both the lover and beloved, as well as serving society by creating a strong bond that was characterized by its honor and virtue. This bond generated the most powerful form of loyalty a citizen man would experience, and he believes that more than any other loyalty, this love would make men honorable in battle, politics, and business in order to make their beloved proud. In turn, the beloved sought to learn form his mentor in order to become an honorable citizen and individual, eventually passing these values on to his own beloved.
Monday, January 13, 2020
No, humans did not evolve from monkeys, but did we evolve from apes then? Well turns out even though we are more closely related to apes than monkeys, we still didnÃ¢â¬â¢t evolve from them. So who or what did humans evolve from? Scientists believe that humans share a common ancestor with modern African apes (gorillas, chimpanzees). This ancestor lived five to eight million years ago, but hold on if this was true wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t this mean that humans and apes would be exactly the same? According to evolution we would be, but the ancestors species diverged into two separate linages one being the apes and chimps and the other one being an early human called a hominid. There were many different hominids but over time the hominids who didnÃ¢â¬â¢t go extinct, evolved and diverged thus becoming a new species. The statement that humans come from monkeys is a misconception because if that were true then we would have no monkeys, but instead all of those monkeys would be humans; that or the monkeys would be slowly evolving into human like creatures over time. The theory of evolution completely refutes this statement for the reasons stated previously. The theory suggests that we didnÃ¢â¬â¢t come from monkeys or apes but from a common ancestor this can be depicted by a tree of life with many branches. The tree is the common ancestor and the branches are the many species that came from that ancestor. Over time some branches fall off while others flourish turns out we were one of the flourishing branches. The evidence that this is in fact a misconception is fossils and modern day observations. Scientists have found many different kinds of hominid fossils. They are all significantly different and some share the traits of monkeys and apes while some share characteristics of humans nowadays. For example homo sapiens being the ones mostly related to us have a large brain size a forehead that rises sharply, eyebrow ridges that are very small, a prominent chin and a much lighter bone structure than past hominids.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Systemic Approach Ã¢â¬ËNo person is an islandÃ¢â¬â¢; that is the term which McLean and Harrison (2011) uses to define how everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s world intermingles with others. Contact is in the form of interaction between the microsystems, including family and schools, as well as wider links, such as macrosystems, and the cultural norms, values and belief that are learnt through socialisation. I was well aware that improving Child RÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being meant not just attempting to change the childÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude but, since they are a massive influence, encouraging his family to think differently and relate to the child positively too . Promoting family modification was not easy as behaviours which necessitated consistent involvement within social services means this particular family is classed as Ã¢â¬Ëhard to changeÃ¢â¬â¢. According to Thoburn (2009) some children from Ã¢â¬Ëhard to changeÃ¢â¬â¢ families are more vulnerable as Ã¢â¬ËcharacteristicsÃ¢â¬â¢ can make them a prime target for abuse. Thus, child R is a candidate for abuse as he is Ã¢â¬Ësingled out for rejectionÃ¢â¬â¢. However, by encouraging family togetherness to strengthen the family unit, I was aiming to eradicate abuse. I thought father and son would benefit from some quality time together to allow them to form a closer relationship. Listening to child R discuss things he has in common with his father, I realised that they both have a shared interest in science fiction. My suggestion was for the pair to indulge their passion by watching Ã¢â¬ËStar WarsÃ¢â¬â¢ at the cinema. ChildShow MoreRelatedMy Goals As A Social Worker Practitioner1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Reflective Paper Liza M. 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